解决方案:Spring Data JPA @Entity 找不到

最近写一个web项目,Spring Boot 使用的最新稳定版本2.0.4,

<parent>
		<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
		<version>2.0.4.RELEASE</version>
		<relativePath /> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
	</parent>

但是当尝试集成Spring Data JPA 的时候发现一个很奇怪的现象,在之前2.0.0 版本时引入下面这个依赖

<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.data</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-data-jpa</artifactId>
</dependency>

在实体类中就可以直接使用@Entity 注解的,但是现在却怎么样也提示 不出来。

故障分析:

经过思考,注解引入的是这三个包,但是现在提示不出来 应该是缺少这个包

import javax.persistence.Entity; 
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.Id;

那么这个包来源于哪里呢?

查资料可知,这个包是hibernate-jpa-2.1-api.jar里面的

解决方案

最优解决方案:

如果是Spring Boot 项目直接使用JPA starters 就好了

     <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
        </dependency>

因为这个依赖中spring-boot-starter-data-jpa 添加了Hibernate 相关的依赖.

在这里由衷感谢@weixin_44545768的指正.


spring-boot-starter-data-jpa-2.1.4.RELEASE.pom 中依赖如下:

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-aop</artifactId>
      <version>2.1.4.RELEASE</version>
      <scope>compile</scope>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-jdbc</artifactId>
      <version>2.1.4.RELEASE</version>
      <scope>compile</scope>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>javax.transaction</groupId>
      <artifactId>javax.transaction-api</artifactId>
      <version>1.3</version>
      <scope>compile</scope>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>javax.xml.bind</groupId>
      <artifactId>jaxb-api</artifactId>
      <version>2.3.1</version>
      <scope>compile</scope>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
      <artifactId>hibernate-core</artifactId>
      <version>5.3.9.Final</version>
      <scope>compile</scope>
      <exclusions>
        <exclusion>
          <artifactId>jboss-transaction-api_1.2_spec</artifactId>
          <groupId>org.jboss.spec.javax.transaction</groupId>
        </exclusion>
      </exclusions>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.data</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-data-jpa</artifactId>
      <version>2.1.6.RELEASE</version>
      <scope>compile</scope>
      <exclusions>
        <exclusion>
          <artifactId>aspectjrt</artifactId>
          <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId>
        </exclusion>
        <exclusion>
          <artifactId>jcl-over-slf4j</artifactId>
          <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
        </exclusion>
      </exclusions>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-aspects</artifactId>
      <version>5.1.6.RELEASE</version>
      <scope>compile</scope>
    </dependency>   
</dependencies> 

解决方案二:

如果不是Spring Boot 项目,那么添加这个依赖即可:
http://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.hibernate.javax.persistence/hibernate-jpa-2.1-api/1.0.2.Final

<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.hibernate.javax.persistence/hibernate-jpa-2.1-api -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.hibernate.javax.persistence</groupId>
    <artifactId>hibernate-jpa-2.1-api</artifactId>
    <version>1.0.2.Final</version>
</dependency>
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这是springMVC.xml配置 ``` <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p" xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.1.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.0.xsd"> <!-- 支持注解 --> <mvc:annotation-driven /> <!--自动装配DefaultAnnotationHandlerMapping和AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter --> <mvc:default-servlet-handler /> <!-- 设置自动扫描的路径,用于自动注入bean 这里的路径与自己的项目目录对应 --> <!-- 扫描controller路由控制器 --> <context:component-scan base-package="com.TimeSea.controller" /> <context:component-scan base-package="com.TimeSea.dao" /> <context:component-scan base-package="com.TimeSea.service" /> <!-- 视图解析器 --> <bean id="viewResolver" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver"> <property name="viewClass" value="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.JstlView" /> <property name="suffix" value=".jsp" /> <!-- 视图文件类型 --> <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/views" /> <!-- 视图文件的文件夹路径 --> </bean> </beans> ``` 这是spring-hibernate.xml配置 ``` <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx" xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" xsi:schemaLocation=" http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.0.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.0.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.1.xsd "> <!-- 引入属性文件 --> <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:db.properties" /> <!-- 配置数据源 这里class可以使用不同的驱动--> <bean name="dataSource" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource"> <property name="url" value="${database.url}" /> <property name="username" value="${database.username}" /> <property name="password" value="${database.password}" /> </bean> <!-- 配置hibernate session工厂 --> <bean id="sessionFactory" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.LocalSessionFactoryBean"> <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" /> <property name="hibernateProperties"> <props> <prop key="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto">${hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto}</prop> <prop key="hibernate.dialect">${database.dialect}</prop> <prop key="hibernate.show_sql">${hibernate.show_sql}</prop> <prop key="hibernate.format_sql">${hibernate.format_sql}</prop> <prop key="current_session_context_class">thread</prop> <prop key="hibernate.connection.driver_class">${database.driverClassName}</prop> </props> </property> <!-- 自动扫描注解方式配置的hibernate类文件 --> <property name="packagesToScan"> <list> <!-- 此处与entity实体路径对应 --> <value>com.TimeSea.entity</value> </list> </property> </bean> <!-- 配置事务管理器 --> <bean name="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.HibernateTransactionManager"> <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory"></property> </bean> <!-- 注解方式配置事物 --> <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager" /> </beans> ``` 报错信息如下: org.hibernate.MappingException: Unknown entity: com.TimeSea.entity.TimeseaUser at org.hibernate.internal.SessionFactoryImpl.getEntityPersister(SessionFactoryImpl.java:1192) at org.hibernate.internal.SessionImpl.locateEntityPersister(SessionImpl.java:2436) at org.hibernate.internal.SessionImpl.access$2100(SessionImpl.java:172) at org.hibernate.internal.SessionImpl$IdentifierLoadAccessImpl.<init>(SessionImpl.java:2378) at org.hibernate.internal.SessionImpl$IdentifierLoadAccessImpl.<init>(SessionImpl.java:2382) at org.hibernate.internal.SessionImpl$IdentifierLoadAccessImpl.<init>(SessionImpl.java:2369) at org.hibernate.internal.SessionImpl.byId(SessionImpl.java:1052) at org.hibernate.internal.SessionImpl.get(SessionImpl.java:975) at com.TimeSea.dao.impl.BaseDaoImpl.findById(BaseDaoImpl.java:63) at com.TimeSea.service.impl.TimeSeaUserSVImpl.selectTimeSeaUserInfo(TimeSeaUserSVImpl.java:20) at com.TimeSea.controller.TimeSeaUserAction.selectUserInfo(TimeSeaUserAction.java:19) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:483) at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.doInvoke(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:221) at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.invokeForRequest(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:137) at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.invokeAndHandle(ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.java:111) at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.invokeHandlerMethod(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:806) at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.handleInternal(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:729) at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.handle(AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.java:85) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:959) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:893) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:970) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:861) at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:624) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:846) at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:731) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:303) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:208) at org.apache.tomcat.websocket.server.WsFilter.doFilter(WsFilter.java:52) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:241) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:208) at org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter.doFilterInternal(CharacterEncodingFilter.java:85) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:241) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:208) at org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.support.OpenSessionInViewFilter.doFilterInternal(OpenSessionInViewFilter.java:151) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:241) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:208) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:220) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:122) at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:505) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:169) at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:103) at org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve.invoke(AccessLogValve.java:956) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:116) at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:436) at org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Processor.process(AbstractHttp11Processor.java:1078) at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:625) at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.AprEndpoint$SocketProcessor.doRun(AprEndpoint.java:2517) at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.AprEndpoint$SocketProcessor.run(AprEndpoint.java:2506) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1142) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:617) at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745) 哪位可以指教一下
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